Diabetes Lingo

Basal- Insulin that is continuously moving through the body. This can be done by injecting a long acting insulin such as Lantus or from a constant drip from an Insulin pump.  
BG- Blood Glucose. A fasting BG for people without T1D is between 70mg/dL-99mg/dL. 
Bolus- An extra amount of insulin taken to cover carbohydrates ingested or to correct an unexpected high blood sugar.
Bolus Worthy- Giving insulin for a  food that is high in carbs but is so delicious that it is worth taking the extra insulin to cover it.
CGM- Continuous Glucose Monitor, a device that frequently reports your BG from a sensor under the skin. It alarms when your BG is headed out of range.
Dexter- My Dexcom CGM
Diabuddies- Friends who have Type 1 Diabetes
DKA- Diabetic Ketoacidosis is an emergency condition in which extremely high BG levels, along with a severe lack of insulin result in the breakdown of body fat for energy. This causes an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine. Signs include nauseam vomiting, fruity breath, and rapid breathing.
DOC- Diabetes Online Community
Glucose Tablets- A form of fast acting sugar that come in small tablets with 5g of carbs each. They taste like chalk and look like Tums.
Gluten-Free- A diet that excludes foods containing gluten. Gluten is a protein complex found in wheat, barley, rye, and triticale.
Insulin Pump- A device about the size of a cell phone that continuously delivers insulin through an infusion site placed under the skin.
JDRF- Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Ketones- A chemical produced when there is a shortage of insulin in the blood and the body breaks down body fat for energy. High levels of ketones can lead to DKA.
Medtronic- The brand of insulin pump that I use
Rage Bolus- The unsafe, dangerous act of giving insulin, often much more than needed, when one is really angry at a high BG that cannot be immediately explained or refuses to come down.
Site- The small port under the skin that is used with the insulin pump.
S.W.A.G Bolus- Scientific Wild A$$ Guessed Bolus when you use more instinct than data to bolus for an unexpected meal.
T1D- Person with Type 1 Diabetes

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